Friday 20th Oct 2017

ROMA - I 2,4 milioni di occupati immigrati in Italia nel 2016 hanno prodotto 130 miliardi di valore aggiunto (8,9% del PIL). Messi a confronto con le economie dei paesi UE, gli stranieri in Italia sarebbero al 17° posto, con un valore aggiunto superiore al PIL di paesi come Ungheria, Croazia o Slovenia. Il contributo economico dell’immigrazione si traduce in 11,5 miliardi di contributi previdenziali, in 7,2 miliardi di Irpef versata, in oltre 570 mila imprese straniere.
Questi i principali risultati presentati dalla Fondazione Leone Moressa con la settima edizione del Rapporto annuale sull’economia dell’immigrazione, pubblicato con il contributo della CGIA di Mestre e con il patrocinio di OIM e MAECI2 e presentato alla Farnesina.
"L'economia dell’immigrazione è una economia dell'integrazione" ha detto il Direttore generale per gli italiani e le politiche migratorie della Farnesina, Luigi Maria Vignali, che ha aperto la presentazione, dando poi la parola al Direttore scientifico della Fondazione Leone Moressa, Stefano Solari. Presente ai lavori anche il Presidente dell’INPS, Tito Boeri.
L’edizione 2017 del Rapporto, oltre a fotografare l’impatto economico e fiscale dell’immigrazione in Italia, approfondisce una prospettiva internazionale più ampia, analizzando le dinamiche dei quasi 250 milioni di migranti internazionali.

Il reale impatto economico
In un Paese che invecchia (7 nascite contro 11 morti ogni mille abitanti), la presenza immigrata rappresenta forza lavoro indispensabile in molti settori. Da un punto di vista previdenziale, i lavoratori immigrati versano 11,5 miliardi di contributi e garantiscono un saldo positivo per le casse INPS.
Complessivamente, il valore aggiunto prodotto dai lavoratori immigrati è pari a 130 miliardi (8,9% del valore aggiunto nazionale). Non si tratta di occupazione in concorrenza con quella italiana, ma di occupazione “complementare”. Italiani e stranieri fanno lavori diversi: tra gli immigrati, solo l’11% è laureato, mentre tra i giovani italiani questa quota raggiunge il 31%. Anche per questo alcune professioni sono a conduzione prevalentemente straniera: il 74% dei lavoratori domestici è straniero, così come oltre il 56% delle “badanti” ed il 52% dei venditori ambulanti.

Le imprese immigrate
Accanto a queste professioni troviamo anche le imprese condotte da immigrati che continuano a crescere ed a produrre Valore Aggiunto. Negli ultimi cinque anni, in particolare, mentre le imprese italiane sono diminuite del 2,7%, quelle straniere hanno registrato un +25,8% raggiungendo quota 570 mila (9,4% sul totale) e producendo 102 miliardi di euro di Valore Aggiunto, pari al 6,9% della ricchezza complessiva. In forte crescita gli imprenditori del Bangladesh, anche se il primato per gli imprenditori stranieri è del Marocco (11%) e della Cina (10%).

Le dinamiche migratorie
A livello mondiale si stimano circa 250 milioni di migranti, ovvero il 3% della popolazione mondiale. Le migrazioni forzate invece riguardano 65 milioni di migranti, di cui il 60% sfollati interni. In Europa nel 2016 si è registrato oltre un milione di richieste d’asilo, effettuate in quasi il 60% dei casi in Germania.
In Italia l’immigrazione è cresciuta negli ultimi venticinque anni: basti pensare che nel 1991 era inferiore all’1% della popolazione, mentre nel 2016 gli immigrati regolari in Italia sono 5 milioni, 28 volte di più rispetto ai migranti accolti nei centri di accoglienza (176 mila). Le nazionalità più numerose sono Romania, Albania e Marocco. Immigrati che attraverso le rimesse inviate in patria (5,1 miliardi - 0,30% del PIL), generano un flusso economico più consistente degli Aiuti Pubblici allo Sviluppo investiti dall’Italia nel 2016 (2,9 miliardi - 0,17% del PIL) e si “aiutano a casa loro”. (aise)

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Gli scienziati sudafricani hanno annunciato che due telescopi locali hanno registrato per la prima volta onde gravitazionali che sono il risultato della collisione e fusione di due stelle di neutroni - 

A cura di Antonella Petris - Meteoweb -

Gli scienziati sudafricani hanno annunciato che due telescopi locali hanno registrato per la prima volta onde gravitazionali che sono il risultato della collisione e fusione di due stelle di neutroni. I telescopi sono quelli dell’Osservatorio astronomico sudafricano (SAAO) di Città del Capo e del Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), situato nel piccolo Karoo, nella provincia del Capo Settentrionale.

Le stelle di neutroni, che sono le più piccole e più dense finora conosciute, si sono scontrate 130 milioni di anni luce fa, un evento che ha causato l’emissione di onde gravitazionali, rilevabili per 100 secondi. Il dottor Daniel Cunnama, ricercatore presso la SAAO, ha dichiarato che il rilevamento, avvenuto martedì 17 agosto, è stato molto significativo per gli astrofisici.

“Abbiamo individuato per la prima volta onde gravitazionali e radiazioni elettromagnetiche, o luce, a partire dallo stesso evento (la fusione delle due stelle di neutroni). E siamo riusciti a seguire questo evento insieme ai telescopi sudafricani di Sutherland. I telescopi hanno contribuito alla comprensione di questo evento astronomico”, ha detto Cunnama.

Alla ricerca hanno collaborato circa 4mila scienziati e ricercatori astronomici di osservatori, università e altre istituzioni di tutto il mondo, di cui molti in Sudafrica. Oltre 70 osservatori sono stati inclusi nella campagna di osservazione.

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Tuesday 2 November 2017 at 5:30 pm for 6 pm and until 7:30 pm fifth ResearchNight.it organized by the Network of Italian Researchers in the Cape (NIRC) and the Italian Consulate in Cape Town. The Centre for the Book at 62 Queen Victoria Street (Gardens) will host a talk by Prof Lorenzo Fioramonti, Director of the Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation (GovInn), at the University of Pretoria. The talk, which will be given in English, will start at 6 pm and will be followed by a Q&A. A glass of wine before and/or after the talk will also be provided.

Economic growth is a constant mantra of politicians, economists and the media. Few people really understand what it is, but it's normally considered the only possible approach to prosperity and development. The reality is that since the global financial crisis, growth has vanished in the more industrialised economies and in the so-called developing countries. Politicians may be panicking, but is this really a bad thing?

Using real-life examples and innovative research, acclaimed political economist Lorenzo Fioramonti lays bare society’s obsession with economic growth by showing its many flaws, paradoxes and inconsistencies. He argues that the pursuit of growth often results in more losses than gains and in damage, inequalities and conflicts.

His research shows that, by breaking free from the growth mantra, we can build a better society that puts the wellbeing of all at its centre. A wellbeing economy would help us optimise the resources we already have, develop a model of industrialisation driven by small businesses and customised production (rather than mass production) and create the many jobs we desperately need in the age of large-scale automation. A vision for radical change in South Africa and beyond.

Prof Lorenzo Fioramonti is the Director of the Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation (GovInn), at the University of Pretoria and the Editor in Chief of the popular scientific magazine Solutions. His articles have appeared in a number of international newspapers, including The New York Times and the Guardian and his research has been reviewed and cited, among others, by the Financial Times. He is the author of over 60 scientific articles and 10 books, the latest of which is "Wellbeing Economy: Success in a World Without Growth".

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Joseph Booysen - Cape Argus - 

More than 100 000 jobs have been added to the Western Cape's agriculture sector thanks for Project Khulisa. File picture
Cape Town - Despite the drought, more than 100 000 jobs have been added to the Western Cape’s agri-processing and agriculture sectors since the launch of the province’s Project Khulisa growth strategy in 2014.

Economic Opportunities MEC Alan Winde, the Western Cape government team that is driving the strategy and Wesgro this week delivered a mid-term update on Project Khulisa.

To achieve Project Khulisa’s target of adding 100 000 jobs to the agri-processing sector and growing the gross value add (GVA), three initiatives were identified: capturing a large share of the global halaal market for the Western Cape; increasing wine export to China and Angola and improving the production capacity for domestic and key strategic markets.

Winde said 127 497 jobs had been added to the agri-processing and agriculture sectors and GVA grew by R179 million.

“Wesgro’s agri-business unit has secured investments in excess of R1.4billion, exceeding its three-year target of R1.1bn. We’ve also seen wine exports to China growing 80%. We are now entering the third year of the drought, and these numbers are phenomenal against that background,” he added.

Towfiq Hendricks, portfolio manager at Wesgro Agribusiness, said the agency’s eight-year-old agri-investment unit had been successful, and it was clear that Wesgro’s work was having a real and positive impact in the province.

“In the past three years, the unit has secured R1.4bn in investment, creating 1 268 jobs in the Western Cape. Both of these were well above the targets set. There are also 26 exciting opportunities in the unit’s pipeline to the value of R1.5bn.

“The Western Cape has a wealth of opportunities in the sector and our message remains: the Western Cape and Cape Town are great places to invest.”

Winde said a key objective of the growth strategy was to expand access to the agri-processing and agriculture sectors.

“I am also especially pleased to announce that we’ve expanded access to the industry through transformation projects and support for emerging farmers.”

Winde said this included a supplier development programme targeting businesses in the halaal industry.

“An analysis of the halaal industry found that globally, $1.26trillion (R16.8trillion) is spent each year on halaal food, pharma and cosmetics.

“Of this about $250bn is imported across international borders. The Western Cape currently has a share of about 0.3% of this market.

“If the province captures 1% of global trade in halaal products and 1% of the global Muslim tourism market, it would add R56bn to the Western Cape economy.

“Since the launch of Project Khulisa, we have made significant progress in equipping our local industry to take advantage of these opportunities.”

Daryl Jacobs, deputy director-general of the Western Cape Department of Agriculture said they surveyed producers in the sector and expect an average decline in production of around 36.9%.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. - Cape Argus

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Mphuthumi Ntabeni - The Southern Cross - 

The words Pope Francis directs at the mafia apply also to South Africa, even in the field of politics, writes Mphuthumi Ntabeni. - 

Listening to Pope Francis address a meeting of Italy’s Anti-Mafia Parliamentary Commission got me thinking about our own political situation. The meeting marked the 27th commemoration of the death of the Servant of God Rosario Livatino, who was a deputy prosecutor in an Italian court before being killed by the mafia for his fight against corruption.

I couldn’t help think about what is happening in KwaZulu-Natal (and in the Western Cape to a lesser extent), where a career in local politics has become something deadlier than occupational hazard.

As so often, my mind travelled to 410AD when the likes of St Jerome were so shaken to the core when the final blow to the Roman empire was struck by Alaric and his Christian-Arian Goths who sacked the great city that had not known violation by foreign enemy for over 800 years.

Two years later St Augustine, the great African bishop, sat down in Carthage in North Africa to write The City of God, his account of the sack of his beloved Rome. The smouldering desolation of earthly Rome instilled in him the spiritual nostalgia for the psalmist’s transcendental city: Glorious things are said of thee, O city of God. St Augustine began his project. As in the Confessions, he patterned the work here also on biographical facts, this time of the city rather than his own life. “Remove justice, and what are kingdoms but a gang of criminals on a large scale?” he asked.

Following St Augustine’s thinking, Pope Francis in his address said that to dismantle the mafia political mindset requires that we begin with a political commitment to social justice and economic reform.

As in Italy, then, what is happening in KZN is mafia politics. Political scores are settled through sponsored murder. Hitmen are bought for as cheaply as R5000 to eliminate political opponents. Growing evidence says the hostels are their den.

It is naive to think that Jacob Zuma’s departure from the presidency of the African National Congress will clean the rot and the murderous tendencies within its political culture. No. The cancer is too far gone.

Under Thabo Mbeki there were gangrenous limbs, but now the whole organism has been infected. It needs to die and fertilise something new and better to be born. Nothing less than what Pope Francis calls the authentic politics in the form of charity will work “to ensure a future of hope and to promote the dignity of each person”.

Of course, economic reform must be shifted to remove systems which magnify inequality and poverty. But we first require ethical politics. And this can come about only when good people organise themselves against the malady of corruption and crime.

Corrupt Politicians Try to Buy Church and Social Institutions
Talk about self-cleansing is just another ruse to sink us deeper into mayhem. Most worrying are unhealthy rumours that our own Church in some places is getting mixed up in these toxic party politics. It’s a long and tested ruse by corrupt politicians to buy the Church and social institutions of charity. It is their last refuge to purchase some form of moral capital.
Pope Francis says that the criminal groups use economic, social, and political weaknesses as a “fertile ground to achieve their deplorable projects”. He warns: “The money of dirty affairs and mafia crimes is blood money and produces an unequal power.”

These criminal organisations, whose members often claim to live devout Christian lives while continuing to carry out heinous crimes, create a “social wound”, the pope says. The Church must not allow itself to be bought and used to promote backdoor nefarious deeds. Nor must it give a platform to those who amend their impiety by dusting their Catholicism only when they see political gain.

Church Must Not Lower its Guard
Of course they’ll claim the Church as their foundation now and then when it suits them. But, like King Saul, the spirit of God has departed from them. They now consult the divinities and the spirits of the dead.

The Church must never lower its guard against what St Augustine termed “mammon of unrighteousness”.

The ANC is a party that was founded, through God’s providence, by men of the cloth, deep faith and prophetic light for the political future of our country. Alas, it has now been overtaken by the spirit of mammon. Its absurdities and internal contradictions have long been seen by some—now it has become glaring to the many.

Mphuthumi Ntabeni

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